Happy Rath Yatra 2020 or Chariot Festival is celebrated on a full moon day is the day in Hindu Tradition when Sri Jagannath comes out of the temple with Balaram (brother), sister Subhadra (sister) and Sudarshana Chakra (weapon) on a wooden vehicle doula shaped known as Rath It is celebrated mainly in Orissa and West Bengal.
HISTORY OF SRI JAGANNATH TEMLE
During the time of the Ganga Dynasty in the rule of King Chodaganga the temple of Jagannath at Puri, Orissa was made. It is said that Viswakarma was making the temple and he ordered till the time he is making the temple no one should be allowed to enter the wall of Lord Jagannath.
Many years after when the making of Lord Jagannath was not yet completed at that time the king lost his patience and opened the door to see how much it was completed. The opening of the door stopped the work of making the statue of Lord Jagannath and no improvisation was further made of the statue.
The temple has a history that during that time the sound of waves of the sea can be heard inside the temple so that’s why Goddess Mahalakshmi couldn’t sleep due to the disturbance created because of waves sound so Sri Jagannath ordered the leader of the monkey to stop the sound by talking the sound into his ears. This is the myth that is believed by many people.
PREPARATION BEFORE RATH YATRA
Before 20 days of Rath Yatra, Lord Jagannath with his brother and sister goes for ‘Snan Yatra’ where they are taken out of the room and they bath with 105 tumblers of water and Lord Jagannath dress like Ganesha for that ceremony. It is said that after this they fall into a fever for 20 days till and gradually they get recovered and finally come out on the day of Rath Yatra.
FESTIVAL OF RATH YATRA
Rath Yatra is the day when Sri Jagannath comes out of his temple with his brother Balaram, sister Subhadra and his weapon Sudharsan Chakra. They sit on the Vehicle made of wood ‘Rath’. They start their journey towards their ‘masi’ house for 7 days a year.
According to rituals Lord Jagannath stops at the middle on the way to masi’s house and allows his brother and sister to reach first. He stops on his own on the road and no one can move his Rath from there. The next day he moves to Masi’s house. Many Bhakts around the world visit Puri as the main celebration occurs there to be a part of that festival.
The bhakts and the pujari pull the Rath towards the destination with the help of a strong rope. Many think it is a blessing to pull the rope of Lord Jagannath as he is the avatar of Lord Vishnu and every sin is cleared and forgiven by the Lord.
RETURNING OF LORD JAGANNATH TO HIS TEMPLE
Lord Jagannath begins his return journey on the 7th day after the Rath Yatra. The day is known as Ulta Rath Yatra as the journey is back to the temple. The same celebration like that Rath Yatra is conducted.
CELEBRATION ALL OVER INDIA
Both days are celebrated by millions of devotees all over the world. Many states celebrate this festival by conducting fair and the main food which is famous in Rath yatra is Jalebi and Papad.
Many states celebrate this festival States like Orissa in Puri where its the main festival and is very much famous. When the Rath moves the King wearing the outfit of sweeper cleans the road with a sweeper and sprinkle sandalwood water to let the Rath move in that direction.
In West Bengal, in many places, Rath Yatra is celebrated but famously at Hoogly district known as ‘Rath Yatra at Mahesh. Here Rath Yatra is celebrated for a month. Many people enjoy this time at fair. Other places like Manipur and also in foreign countries Rath Yatra is celebrated.