Unity in Diversity in India: Living Together Without Discrimination

‘If civilization is to survive, we must cultivate the science of human relationship the ability of all the people of all kind, to live together, in the same world at peace.’
-Franklin D. Roosevelt

India is a vast country with a rich cultural heritage. India’s diverse culture all starts in its’ history. Know the Unity in Diversity in India. Landscape ranging from the Himalayas to the eastern plains, from dry desert to the mystic mangrove swamps, and from the pristine river to the salty ocean, India comprises of everything. From the Indus Valley civilization to our modern India, wherein the caste system still prevails and the different religions namely- Hindu, Muslim, Christian, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain, and others coexist. This country which was once ruled by the British now celebrates 73 years of independence.


Indian subcontinent consisted of a huge landmass. The first settlers in India were the Aryans. They were mainly Hindus. The year nearly dates back to 1500 BC. This was the time when the mythological literature and scripts developed. The main language was Sanskrit. Most of the modern languages are derived from the Sanskrit language like Bengali and Hindi.

This was also the time when the cruel caste system came to light which still acts as darkness to the majority of the people. The upper castes were the Brahmins, then the Kshatriyas(warriors), the Kayastha below them, and lastly the Shudras who were of the lowest of all other people. They mainly used to serve all the above castes and even though we’re not allowed to live peacefully. After the Aryans, came the Mauryas which was started by Chandragupta Maurya and lastly taken the rule by Ashoka from this period the development of structures and empires started.

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The next in the line was the Guptas who mainly ruled northern India, bringing a change in the way they lived. Started by Chandragupta and after that taken over by Samadragupta and Vikramaditya. Then ultimately came the Mughals started by Babar and gave in this time lived Akbar who was among the best rulers of India. India now had more than one religion.

The Mughals brought a variety of changes in the lifestyle of the people. In the time Akbar introduced a new religion Din-I Ilahi. This was a time when trade and commerce were at its fullest, when came in The British period, who took control of the whole of India. The fight went on for 200 years…


India faced one of the most complicated situations after independence. Now the country was divided into three- India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. Islamic majority lives in Pakistan and Bangladesh. But our country chose to live in a different way, different than all other countries.

The Constitution of India clearly states: Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth. And this is how we all became diversified as during the time of Independence people of all religion had to die for the sake of independence. India became the biggest example of Democracy as well as a Diverse country.


Even after so many years of independence, India continues to live with the caste system, regional diversities, and various religions as well, unitedly. A country where people of every religion and caste has the right to equal opportunities and freedom. We faced quite a difficult situation when we got divided but we all learnt to live with various people.

We learnt a new way of living, keeping our tradition, rituals and culture intact. The various empires and civilizations brought about a change in the cuisine of the country as well.Indian cuisine now has now been embraced all over the world. Many tourists get attracted due to the rich heritage of the country and come from outside to visit our country.

Here more than a hundred festivals take place which keeps people of all religions busy round the year. And people participate on every occasion whatever be their religion identity and that’s what makes us diverse, yet- united. India is the only country in the word with various culture, food and lifestyle. Every 300 km after the way of living of people changes.


Unity in diversity refers to the state of togetherness or oneness in-spite of the presence of immense diversity. Unity in diversity is where the individual or social differences in physical attributes, skin color, castes, creed, cultural and religious practices, etc. are not looked upon as a conflict.

Though our country is a mixture of Bengalis, Gujaratis, Punjabis, Maharastrians, Tamilians, etc., in our country, the fact remains that regardless of divisions and distinctions, caste or creed, we have lived together for thousands of years. There are ideological differences, differences between Hindus and Muslims, different customs and rituals, yet over the past few centuries, we have all been brought up by the same motherland.

People belonging to diverse cultures, different faiths, and different religions live in our country. The spoken language of one state is quite different from that of another. In spite of these diversities, Indians feel a sense of unity and oneness among them. Thus we can conclude that though having endured the hardest of times, having gone through many emperors and civilizations our country has its own lifestyle, somewhat different from all others. And that’s what makes us feel proud to say India is a country of Unity in Diversity.

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