A festival in Hindu tradition celebrated on the last day of Hindu lunar calendar month of Shravan on a full moon day. A festival which signifies brotherhood. On this day, every sister of any age tie rakhi around the wrist of their brother. It is celebrated in India, Nepal and other parts of Indian subcontinent and among all people around the world influenced by Hindu culture. It is celebrated all over India in different names like Saluno, Silono and Rakhi.
HISTORY of Raksha Bandhan
The tradition of Raksha Bandhan had its origin about 6000 years ago during the time when Aryans established the Hindu Civilization. Due to diversity of tradition and customs this festival is is celebrated all over India in different names.
During the time of Swadeshi Movement in Bengal in 1905, as many Hindu and Muslim led this movement. Rabindranath Tagore used to tie rakhi among all to prove unity and brotherhood among Hindu and Muslim and to give a message of harmony.
QUOTES OF MAYER’S
Mayer’s after observation in Central India said
‘A man’s tie with his sister is accounted very close. The two have grown up together, at an age when there is no distinction made between the sexes. And later, when the sister marries, the brother is seen as her main protector, for when her father has died to whom can see turn if there is trouble in her conjugal household.”
As Raksha Bandhan is celebrated all over India it is marked in different ways in different regions.
In the state of West Bengal and Odissa, this day is also celebrated as Jhulan Purnima. A festival of Lord Krishna along with Radha.
In Maharastra, among the Koli community, the festival of Rakhi is celebrated along with Narali Purnima(coconut day festival). The fisherman community in Maharasyra is know as the Koli. This festival is dedicated to Lord Varun (God of Sea).
In the regions of North India, mostly in Jammu, it is common practice to fly kites on the nearby occasions of Janamashtami and Raksha Bandhan.
In Haryana, in addition to celebrate this festival people observe the festival of Salono. It is celebrated by the priests tying rakhi on the wrist to protect people from the evil powers.
Outside India, in countries like Nepal Raksha BAndhan is reffered to as the Janai Purnima or Rishitarpani, which is a sacred thread ceremony. As this is observed by Hindus and Buddhist of Nepal. The hindu men change thread they wear around chest.